PATH / OCAT / PPBT

Each officer at Bayside Security Patrol is required to be trained and certified in the areas of PATH (handcuffs), OCAT (pepper spray), and PPBT (expandable baton) before being assigned to any client’s property or within a short period of time after hire. Since opening in 2007, Bayside Security Patrol Services, Inc. has been using the courses of Personal Protection Consultants, Inc located out of Spring Mount, PA. We have two in-house instructors that have a combined total of over 20 years experience teaching these courses.

Initial Training

Each officer under goes the full training program set forth by Personal Protection Consultants, Inc which includes four hours in each discipline of both class room and hands on style of training. The officers learn the history, safety practices, when they can use each discipline, and basics in the classroom and then proceed to hands on techniques. With hands on teachings they are not only taught the correct way of using handcuffs, pepper spray, and expandable batons, but are put through real life style situations (in a controlled environment) so they can practice what they have learned. Our Officers are required to both practice the techniques and have them practiced on them. This way our Officers get firsthand experience on both sides. Additionally, in the OCAT (pepper spray) training our Officers must be sprayed with the pepper spray they carry on duty (Fox Labs Pepper Spray) and then run an “obstacle course” while under the influence of the pepper spray. This teaches the Officers how to fight through the effects of the pepper spray as cross contamination when using it a strong possibility. The initial training at Bayside Security is valid for a period two years.

Re-Certification

Each Officer must re-certify every two years in each of these disciplines. With the re-certification the Officers go through the entire training class all over again to ensure that their skills stay sharp.

PATH

Handcuffs are among the most often used tool by officers, yet training is severely lacking. Studies show that over 67% of resistance by subjects occurs after the first handcuff has been applied. All too often the result is injury and/or death to either the officer or subject. Additionally, the improper use of handcuffs is the focus of many civil suits. Proper training in the use of handcuffs is vital to officers.

Course Description and Topics

The PATH® "Practical and Tactical Handcuffing" course is the most complete and innovative handcuffing course in the country. Public safety officers including corporate security, federal, state and local law enforcement organizations, contract security companies, academic or healthcare law-enforcement and security, corrections, military police, probation and parole, bail enforcement, and executive protection will benefit from the principles and skills learned during the PATH® training program.

Nearly 3,000 PATH® Instructors have been trained worldwide. The techniques presented are practical and effective. Topics to be covered include the safest approach and positioning for handcuffing, handcuffing non-compliant subjects, prone and kneeling handcuffing, removing handcuffs, and the use of various types of cuffs, among others.

Benefits include

  • Reduced Injury to Officers and Subjects
  • Reduced Exposure to Civil Liability
  • Reduced Workers' Compensation Payments
  • Increased Performance, Efficiency & Speed When Applying Handcuffs
  • Increased Confidence & Morale
  • Increased Safety
  • Improved Decision Making

Course Topics

  • General Handcuffing Guidelines
  • Handcuffing History
  • Handcuffing Dangers
  • Trial and Error Lessons
  • Handcuff Nomenclature
  • Hinged, Rigid, Chain-Link and Disposable Handcuffs
  • Care and Maintenance of Handcuffs
  • Resistance and Control Management
  • Officer and Individual Factors/ Escalation Through the Levels of Control
  • Recognizing the Threat
  • Elements of Reporting Resistance and Control
  • Principles of Balance, Movement, Center and Reaction Time
  • Relative Positioning
  • Handcuffing a Subject in a Standing, Prone or Kneeling Position
  • Resistance and Disengaging
  • Standing a Prone Handcuffed Subject
  • Post Handcuffing Guidelines
  • Directing a Subject to a Prone Position
  • Prone with Hands Under the Body
  • Effect of Pressure of Nerve Centers
  • Rolling a Subject to a Prone Position
  • Removing Handcuffs
  • Use of Contact and Cover
  • Searching
  • Exiting a Room or Cell where there is a Potential for Violence

OCAT

Aerosol chemical agents have been around for many years. The impact of the use of these chemical agents wasn't significant until 1976 when Mr. Gardner Whitcomb introduced an Oleoresin Capsicum (pepper spray) formulation. At the request of Mr. Whitcomb, the first official OC training manual was co-written by Roland Ouellette and Ed Nowicki. OC has proven to be more effective than CS or CN, and as a result, numerous companies now manufacture OC aerosol sprays.

Since the introduction of the OCAT® "Oleoresin Capsicum Aerosol Training" program in 1991, thousands of instructors and countless basic users have been trained from agencies such as healthcare, federal, military, law enforcement, security, and corrections. The OCAT® program is not brand specific and addresses the proper use of all OC products.

Personal Protection Consultants Inc. owns and administers the OCAT® training programs through a network of In-house instructors and independent instructor-trainers. PPC, Inc. Instructors have many years of law enforcement experience, as well as nearly 20 years of OCAT® training experience.

What is Oleoresin Capsicum? Commonly called "Pepper Spray", Oleoresin Capsicum is a convenient aerosol spray that is used as a protection device. When used before hands-on defense, there is less risk of injuries to all parties.

Effects of OC? OC affects the skin, face, eyes, and respiratory system and is usually immediately debilitating. This court-defensible deterrent is reliable and has no long-term harmful effects on the recipient. OC is widely accepted as a safe control option for human service personnel.

Course Description and Topics

The OCAT® program is designed for public safety officers who deal with conflict or potential violence. This includes corporate security, federal, state and local law enforcement organizations, contract security companies, academic or healthcare law-enforcement and security, corrections, military police, probation and parole, bail enforcement, and executive protection. More than 8,000 OCAT® instructors have been trained worldwide.

Through a combination of Practical Exercises and Classroom instruction you will learn how to:

  • Identify the stages of conflict in order to: recognize the threat, reduce the threat, and determine how and when to use force.
  • Apply state-of-the-art tactical concepts such as: spraying techniques, disengagement, proper defensive positions, methods of movement, multiple opponent defense, contact and cover system, defense against moving attacks, ground defense, and drawing techniques.
  • Avoid liability suits through: Certified training, understanding the effects of OC spray, identifying factors which justify OC use, and proper OC incident documentation.
  • OCAT® is a non-product specific training program. Once trained and certified you and your agency decide which brand, canister size, heat and spray pattern suit your needs.

Course Topics

  • What is OC?
  • Heat of OC, Concentration Levels and Calculating Capsaicin Content
  • Spray Patterns
  • Skin Sensitivity, Effects on the Eyes and Respiratory System
  • Other Effects and After Effects
  • How to Use OC
  • General After Use Guidelines and Post Exposure Cleansing
  • In-Custody Deaths and Recognizing Excited Delirium
  • General OC Information, Number of Bursts, Flammability, Area Recovery, Storage and Shelf Life
  • Material Safety Data Sheets
  • Resistance and Control Management
  • Officer and Individual Factors and Escalation Through the Levels of Control
  • Recognizing the Threat
  • Elements of Reporting Resistance and Control
  • Agency Policies and Procedures
  • Principles of Balance, Movement, Center and Reaction Time
  • Defensive Position
  • Relative Positioning
  • Drawing Techniques
  • Spraying techniques for single or multiple aggressors
  • Contact and Cover System
  • Moving Attack
  • Ground Defense
  • Defense from an OC Attack

Baton

The Personal Protection Baton Tactics™ is a straight and expandable baton training program drawing information from a variety of baton and training resources. The concept of controlling individuals with police batons is not new. Police batons of all varieties have been used for decades to control violent or resistive individuals. Proper training in their use is essential to reduce injures to officers and suspects and to protect the officer and agency from frivolous litigation. When used responsibly in accordance with agency policies and procedures and federal, state and local laws police batons are a viable control option.

Course Description and Topics

The Personal Protection Baton Tactics™ program is designed for public safety officers who deal with conflict or potential violence. This includes corporate security, federal, state and local law enforcement organizations, contract security companies, academic or healthcare law-enforcement and security, corrections, military police, probation and parole, bail enforcement, and executive protection.

Through a combination of Practical Exercises and Classroom instruction you will learn how to:

  • Identify the stages of conflict in order to: recognize the threat, reduce the threat,and determine how and when to use force.
  • Apply state-of-the-art tactical concepts such as: Proper Defensive Positions, Methods of Movement, Drawing Techniques, Baton Shielding, Baton Counter-Strikes, and Baton Retention.
  • Avoid liability suits through: Certified training, understanding the effects of police batons, identifying factors which justify baton use, and proper baton incident documentation.
  • The Personal Protection Baton Tactics™ training program is non-product specific straight and expandable baton training program. Once trained and certified the officer and agency choose the brand and design of straight or expandable baton that fits their needs. ***This course does not address the use of side-handle batons***

Course Topics

  • History of the Police Baton
  • Baton Nomenclature
  • Resistance and Control Management
  • Officer and Individual Factors/ Escalation Through the Levels of Control
  • Recognizing the Threat
  • Elements of Reporting Resistance and Control
  • Agency Policies and Procedures
  • Reasonable Target Selection
  • Target Areas
  • Principles of Balance, Movement, Center and Reaction Time
  • Relative Positioning
  • Science of Energy and Motion
  • Three Ranges of Physical Combat
  • Angles of Attack and Defense
  • Baton Grips and Ready Positions
  • Baton Drawing Techniques
  • Baton Counter-Strikes
  • Baton Shielding
  • Baton Retention

Disclosure

The information provided above on the “Overview” and “Course Topics” for each discipline has been taken directly from the Personal Protection Consultants, Inc. website, www.ppcitraining.com. Bayside Security Patrol Services, Inc has received permission from the President and Director of Training of Personal Protection Consultants, Inc. to use their logos and course information. In no way is Bayside Security Patrol Services, Inc trying representing itself as a part of Personal Protection Consultants, Inc. Our instructors are certified by PPC, Inc. to teach these courses and do not deviate from the course curriculum. However, our instructors are not now, and have never been, employees or staff instructors of Personal Protection Consultants, Inc.